In an Italian weekly, a collection of stories are published under the title Le Avventure Di Pinocchio: Storio Di Un Burattino (”story of a jumping jack”). In 1883, the author Carlo Collodi creates a book out of them.
Steven Spielberg’s A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2002) features an artificial boy in the form of an Android, with numerous references to Collodi’s Pinocchio. Since it deals with more than a child’s problem, but about incarnation and humanity, the film also contributes to the literary discussion whether Collodi’s story was primarily meant for children.