Orange Revolution in the Ukraine: a series of protests and political events occur in the immediate aftermath of the run-off vote of the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election which is claimed to be marred by electoral fraud.
Kiev is the focal point of the movement’s campaign of civil resistance, with thousands of protesters demonstrating daily.
Throughout the demonstrations, Ukraine’s emerging Internet usage is an integral part of the orange revolutionary process. It is one of the first examples of an Internet-organised mass protest.
The nationwide protests succeed when the results of the vote are annulled, and a revote is ordered. Under intense scrutiny by domestic and international observers, the second run-off is declared to be “fair and free”. The final results show a clear victory for opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko, who receives about 52% of the vote, compared to president Viktor Yanukovych’s 44% who is supported by Russia.
Yushchenko is declared the official winner and with his inauguration on 23 January 2005 in Kiev, the Orange Revolution ends.
In the following years, the Orange Revolution has a negative connotation among pro-government circles in Belarus and Russia.