2002
As a strategic part of the War on Terror, a term first used by President George W. Bush after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp is established in the US Naval base in Cuba to interrogate and prosecute detainees for war crimes.

In the War on Terror780 people are captured (220 of them from Afghanistan and smaller numbers later from Iraq, the Horn of Africa and South Asia) and transported to the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp.

The Bush administration asserts that the camp is outside U.S. legal jurisdiction, and that detainees are not entitled to the protections of the Geneva Conventions.  

In 2006, the United Nations call unsuccessfully for the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to be closed, due to reports of abuse and torture.

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