In response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security (OHS) with the primary purpose of protecting the territory of the United States and protectorates from and responding to terrorist attacks.
Later that year, the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is established by the Homeland Security Act. It is intended to consolidate U.S. executive branch organizations related to “homeland security” into a single Cabinet agency.
It marks the most significant government reorganization since the Cold War, incorporating 22 government agencies into a single organization with more than 200,000 employees.
The following years, the Department of Homeland Security receives substantial criticism over excessive bureaucracy, waste, fraud, ineffectiveness and lack of transparency. Its information sharing centers are accused of violating American civil liberties and targeting American citizens as potential threats to national security.
Anticipating Homeland Security’s implications, Steven Spielberg shares his critical view in the subtext of his films Minority Report (2002) and The Terminal (2004).